Decrease Size
 
Default Size
 
Increase Size
Default Scheme  Yellow on Black  Fuchsia on Black 
 
 Home Page
District Websites of Himachal Pradesh Chamba Lahaul Spiti Kangra Kullu Hamirpur Mandi Kinnaur Una Bilaspur Shimla Sirmaur Solan
Pause Scrolling    Start Scrolling

At a Glance

Print Version  
Last Updated On: 21/02/2014

The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.

The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttarakhand on South-East and China on the East.


General

 

Location

 

Latitude:

30o 22’ 40" N to 33o 12’ 40" N

Longitude:

75o 45’ 55" E to 79o 04’ 20" E

Height (From mean sea Level):-

350 meter to 6975 meter

Population [2011-Census]

6856509 persons

Males:-

34,73,892

Females:-

33,82,617

Geographical Area [2011]:- 

55,673 sq. km

Density (per Sq. Km.) [2011]:- 

123

Females per 1000 Males [2011]:-  

974

Birth Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)]:-  

22.1

Death Rate (per 1000) [2002(P)]:-  

7.2

 

 More Information of Census for Himachal Pradesh

Administrative Structure [2011]

 

State Capital

Shimla

No. of Districts 

12

No. of Tehsils 

116

No. of Sub Divisions 

54

No. of Blocks 

77

No. of  Urban Local Bodies 

49

No. of  Gram Panchyats 

3243

No. of Villages 

20118

No. of Towns 

57

No. of Parliament Constituencies

 

Lok Sabha 

4

Rajya Sabha 

3

No. of Assembly Constituencies 

68

 

Development Indicators

 

Per Capita Income [2000-01]

Rs. 10942

Literacy [2011]

83.78 %

Male

90.83 %

Female 

76.60 %

Total Villages Electrified

100 %

 

Land Use Pattern

 

Net Area Sown 

560154 Hects.

 

Forest Cover [1996-97]

 

Reserved Forests Area 

1896 sq.kms.

Protected Forests Area 

43043 sq.kms.

Unclassed Forest Area 

976 sq.kms.

Other Forests Area 

370 sq.kms.

Forests not under control of forest Deptt.

748 sq.kms.

No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries 

32

 

Others

 

Average Rainfall 

1469 mm

State Animal 

Snow Leopard

State Bird 

Western Tragopan

State Flower 

Pink Rhododendron

State Language 

Hindi & Local Dialects

Major Rivers 

Sutlej,  Beas, Ravi, Parbati

Major Lakes

Renuka, Rewalsar, Khajjiar, Dal, Beas Kund, Dasaur, Brighu, Prashar, Mani Mahesh, Chander Tal, Suraj Tal, Kareri, Sreolsar, Gobind Sagar, Nako